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How to Remove Different Types of Bankruptcies from Your Credit Report?

Bankruptcy lets debtors bargain with creditors and start anew. Bankruptcy provides a means for creditors to recoup losses they may otherwise have to write off. The decision to declare bankruptcy should be based on the circumstances.

There are six distinct bankruptcy chapters under the United States Bankruptcy Code: 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, and 15. To ensure a smooth bankruptcy process, it is essential to choose the right chapter.

However, bankruptcy may be expunged from your credit history if you meet the requirements. Time will often erase this item from your credit report, but there may be instances when you will need to take more action. A few fundamentals are outlined here.

What Is Bankruptcy?

If a person or corporation can’t pay its debts, it may file for bankruptcy. 

In most cases, the debtor or the creditors themselves initiate the bankruptcy procedure by filing a petition. After an inventory and appraisal of the debtor’s assets, proceeds can be utilized to settle some or all of the debt.

The U.S. Bankruptcy Code lays forth the regulations for bankruptcy proceedings in federal courts.

Even while bankruptcy may help you start over, it will remain on your credit reports for many years, making it hard to get loans in the future. In the case of chapter 7 bankruptcy, proceeding without legal counsel is not an option. Chapter 8 bankruptcy lawyers advise clients, create legal documents, and represent them in court. To practice law, one has to have earned a law degree and obtained a license in the relevant jurisdiction.

A bankruptcy attorney may serve as your advisor and provide counsel on issues such as:

  • Considerations regarding bankruptcy filing
  • What kind of bankruptcy should I file?
  • The steps involved in filing for bankruptcy
  • What paperwork from the court must be filled out?
  • Can any debts be settled for less than their total amount?
  • How long will you be allowed to keep your home, car, and other possessions once your bankruptcy is finalized?

In general, a bankruptcy attorney can guide you in the appropriate legal way. You risk making costly bankruptcy mistakes without legal help.

Can Bankruptcy Be Taken off Your Credit Report?

Under some conditions, you may have bankruptcy records erased from your credit report. There may be a seven-to-ten-year delay before your credit report reflects bankruptcy. This duration is average for unfavorable information to remain on a credit report (about seven years).

Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, you must prove that bankruptcy was recorded incorrectly. Or it has been too long to delete it from your credit report before seven or ten years (FCRA).

Expunging Your Credit Report of Bankruptcy Information

A bankruptcy will be shown in your credit report’s “public records” section. In the past, only tax liens and civil judgments were reported here; however, since 2018, bankruptcy filings have now been included.

A bankruptcy record may be deleted from your credit report in just two circumstances:

  • The bankruptcy information is wrong (i.e., incorrect identity, previously discharged, etc.) 
  • The bankruptcy is sufficiently old to be discharged.

Five Strategies for Restoring Credit After Bankruptcy

Filing for bankruptcy might seem like falling into an infinite pit, but this is not the case. Filing for bankruptcy doesn’t mean the end of your financial future; there are ways to begin repairing your credit.

  • The credit reports should be checked. You can only do something to fix your credit if you know how it currently stands. An easy and wise strategy to keep tabs on your spending is to check in on your reports regularly. Additionally, you will have more time to challenge inaccurate information on your credit report.
  • Always pay what you owe on time. Thirty-five percent of your score is based on how reliably you make payments. FICO and VantageScore, the most popular credit scoring algorithms, say this is essential. Paying on time every month is the most incredible method to improve your credit score. Automated transfers or warnings reduce the stress of missing or late payments.
  • Pay with a valid credit card. Making regular transactions with a credit card is easy and quick. However, additional costs might include yearly fees, minimum balance payments, and high-interest rates. Feel free to look around for a cheaper credit card option.
  • Create a spending plan. Many budgeting strategies emphasize the need to set attainable objectives and keep track of every dollar spent. You may select from various budgeting strategies without significantly changing your current way of life. Feel free to go to a financial planner if you need help figuring out where to begin.
  • Max out your available credit. Utilization of credit accounts for 30 percent of your credit score, making it the second most crucial factor. If you go above your credit limit, it will negatively affect your score. Financial experts advise keeping your credit use below 30% to avoid this.

How Many Distinct Bankruptcy Types Are There?

  1. Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is often the fastest and simplest route to erase unsecured obligations. It includes credit card and medical bills and halts wage garnishment.

You must prove to the court that you can’t afford your monthly commitments with your regular income to apply for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

Chapter 7 liquidation bankruptcy sells assets to repay unsecured creditors and start again. A bankruptcy trustee will be in charge of the auction.

To sell property, the trustee must first determine whether or not the property is exempt (called non-exempt property). The trustee cannot sell your property if it is exempt. That way, you can retain all you own while your creditors receive nothing.

When can it be removed from the credit report?

Your credit report will reflect your bankruptcy filing. Your credit report will reflect a Chapter 7 bankruptcy for an entire decade after closing the case.

A debtor’s property is typically safe from the bankruptcy trustee under state law in a Chapter 7 case filed by the debtor. If no non-exempt assets are involved, Chapter 7 bankruptcy for people takes four to six months.

The court orders the bankruptcy discharge three to four months after filing the bankruptcy petition. As soon as that occurs, you may begin repairing your credit.

  1. Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Among personal bankruptcies, this is the second most prevalent. Compared to Chapter 7, companies (other than sole proprietorships) are not eligible to petition for Chapter 13 bankruptcy. A reorganization is a kind of bankruptcy in which the debtor proposes a payment plan that will only cover a part of their overall debt.

If your unsecured and secured debts—including credit cards and personal loans—exceed a specific amount, you can’t file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

When can it be removed from the credit report?

Chapter 13 bankruptcy, like other low credit reports, is automatically deleted after a certain period.

The time limit for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy case is seven years after the first bankruptcy filing. Credit reports should automatically remove the information after seven years.

You may check the deletion on all three credit reports (Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion). Remove the bankruptcy case from “public records” in each piece.

  1. Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

Typically, a company will file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy to restructure. A firm must get court and creditor approval before continuing operations while paying off debt. Real estate investors with too much debt for Chapter 13 might petition under Chapter 11.

When can it be removed from the credit report?

Chapter 11 bankruptcies may run anywhere from 17 months to five years, with the average being around the latter. Debtors may take months to start paying the highest-priority Creditors following the bankruptcy.

There is, however, no way to know when any given Creditor will get their claim reimbursement. There is no simple solution to this question; rather, it depends.

The time it takes to recover from bankruptcy depends on the Chapter 11 case, Creditor situation, and individual claim. Some creditors will be paid quickly and in full for their shares, while others may get nothing.

Five main Chapter 11 procedures impact creditor recovery timelines:

  • Reconciling Expenses
  • Prioritization of Creditors
  • Chapter 11 Reorganization Plan of Debtor
  • Plan of Reorganization Approved by the Court
  • Claim Settlement
  1. Chapter 9 Bankruptcy

Municipal bankruptcy may restructure the debts of cities, municipalities, villages, counties, taxation systems, municipal utilities, and educational districts. Detroit’s Chapter 9 bankruptcy case is still the biggest municipal bankruptcy filing in terms of debt.

When can it be removed from the credit report?

Creditors and municipalities may use Chapter 9 to decrease the principal or interest rate, prolong loan payments, or refinance the debt with a new loan. Depending on the situation and debt, the process might take months or years.

  1. Chapter 12 Bankruptcy

Chapter 12 bankruptcy can be used to reorganize obligations for farmers and fishermen. It works like Chapter 13 but includes extra agriculture and fishing business protections. Chapter 12 bankruptcy discharges debts.

When can it be removed from the credit report?

Most Chapter 12 plans are in effect for 3-5 years. The plan must pay all priority claims over five years unless a priority creditor agrees to alternative handling or the debtor donates all “disposable income” to domestic support.

Debts secured by assets must be repaid in full to the secured creditors. Chapter 12 payments to secured creditors can extend beyond the plan’s initial three to a five-year term.

  1. Chapter 15 Bankruptcy

Chapter 15, which covers international bankruptcy, protects foreign debtors in U.S. courts.


You can have bankruptcy wiped off your credit report only under exact conditions. To get inaccurate information removed from your credit report, you may dispute it by providing evidence that it is incorrect. If you lose a disagreement, your only option may be to let it go away naturally after seven or ten years.

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